Regional Cluster Event Nordic Countries

Cost Efficiency of Consumption-Based Cost Allocation and
Consumption Information for Space Heating, Space Cooling and
Hot Tap Water in Nordic Countries of the EU

Finalising EU Guidelines on the Implementation of EED Articles 9-11

27th April 2016, Stockholm, Sweden



The Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU, "EED") as a general rule requires Member States to ensure that all consumers benefit from individual metering and billing of their energy consumption. It is possible to make exceptions in situations where this is not technically feasible or cost-efficient. Such exceptions, however, need to be justified on the basis of a assessment of the viability of individual metering and billing, based on proper evidence and thorough cost-benefit analysis.

Where apartments in multi-apartment buildings share a common supply of space heating, space cooling and/or hot tap water, Articles 9-11 of the EED contain specific provisions on the introduction of individual consumption measurement, using heat meters or using heat cost allocators. The EED provisions are based on evidence of expected impact: significant amounts of energy are known to be saved when costs are allocated based on measured consumption, and further amounts are saved when improvements are made in the frequency and clarity of billing information, that is, when consumers are properly informed about their recent consumption patterns. Articles 1-11 contain similar provisions for multi-purpose buildings.

Aim of the workshop

This workshop was part of the process to support the correct and coherent implementation of Articles 9-11 of the EED in Member States. Guidelines on the implementation of the EED provisions have previously been drafted with input from leading experts, presented to regulators and stakeholders and further developed on the basis of comments and input received. The guidelines propose a range of options for regulatory approaches, detailed methods to calculate the costs and benefits of the EED measures, and evidence for their impact on energy saving. The guidelines are based on the premise that it is possible to apply the same methods and evidence base to assess the viability of implementation of the EED provisions for any building in Europe, including in Nordic countries. The presentations and discussion at the workshop  intended to inform the finalisation of guidelines, ensuring these properly reflect circumstances specific to Nordic EU countries. The first day raised a range of issues which may require further consideration in EU policy and the EED guidelines. The second day, in a smaller group, generated specific proposals for changes which could help the guidelines better reflect issues specific to Nordic EU countries.

The workshop was organised by empirica and hosted by the Swedish Tenants Association within the framework of a contract with the Directorate-General for Energy of the European Commission: "Study - ENER/C3/2013-977:Analysis of good practices and development of guidelines for accurate and fair allocation of costs for individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings to support the implementation of relevant provisions of the Articles 9-11 of the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency". The version of the guideline draft available at that point was provided to workshop participants.

Registration and Venue

The registration has been closed.

Workshop Programme

 Wednesday, 27th April 2016, 8.30 - 17.30hrs, Stockholm, Sweden

Moderator: Niels Ladefoged, DG ENERGY, European Commission

09:00 - 09:15


09:15 - 09:20


Welcome and introduction

  • Jennie Wiederholm – Swedish Tenant Association

09:20 - 10:00


Overview of EED provisions, expected impact and EU guidelines

  • Niels Ladefoged – European Commission
  • Simon Robinson / Eriona Dashja – empirica

10:00 - 10:30


State of the art in consumption-based cost allocation and resident information

  • Walter Schmidt – EVVE

10:30 -11:00

Coffee Break

11:00 -12:30

Experiences from individual metering in Sweden & Finland


Energy efficiency  - results from practice

  • Linus Larsson / Jonas Tannerstad – Örebrobostäder
  • Christian Hollmann – Botkyrkabyggen

The view of senior tenants in Swedent

  • Frederik von Platen – SPF seniorerna Sweden

Sub-metering in new buildings - lessons for new and old

  • Marcus Svensson –Byggvesta Development

12:30 – 13:00

Plenary Discussion

13:00 - 14:00

Lunch Break

14:00 - 14:30


Cost-effectiveness of individual metering in Finland

  • Terttu Vainio – VTT

14:30 - 15:30


Cost-effectiveness of individual metering in Finland

  • Anders Carlsson – Boverket
  • Agneta Persson – WSP

15:30 - 16:00


Heat flows between apartments and issues of fairness

  • Simon Siggelsten – Malmö University

16:00 - 16:30


Condensation and health issues

  • Michael Ressner – Folkhälsomyndigheten

16:30 - 17:00


Maintaining incentives for building improvement / avoiding split incentives

  • Per Holm – SABO

17:00 -17:30


Issues raised for EU guidelines

  • European Commission/ empirica