Regional Cluster Event Northwest Countries

Cost Efficiency of Consumption-Based Cost Allocation and Consumption Information for Heating, Cooling and Hot Water in Northwest Countries of the EU

Finalising EU Guidelines on the Implementation of EED Articles 9-11

12th October 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands



The Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU, "EED") as a general rule requires Member States to ensure that all consumers benefit from individual metering and billing of their energy consumption. It is possible to make exceptions in situations where this is not technically feasible or cost-efficient. Such exceptions, however, need to be justified on the basis of a assessment of the viability of individual metering and billing, based on proper evidence and thorough cost-benefit analysis.

Where apartments in multi-apartment buildings share a common supply of space heating, space cooling and/or hot tap water, Articles 9-11 of the EED contain specific provisions on the introduction of individual consumption measurement, using heat meters or using heat cost allocators. The EED provisions are based on evidence of expected impact: significant amounts of energy are known to be saved when costs are allocated based on measured consumption, and further amounts are saved when improvements are made in the frequency and clarity of billing information, that is, when consumers are properly informed about their recent consumption patterns.

Aim of the workshop

This workshop is part of a process to support the correct and coherent implementation of Articles 9-11 of the EED in Member States. Guidelines now drafted propose a range of options for regulatory approaches and offer detailed methods to calculate the costs and benefits of the EED measures, based on existing evidence for impact on energy saving. The guidelines propose a range of options for regulatory approaches, detailed methods to calculate the costs and benefits of the EED measures, and evidence for their impact on energy saving. The guidelines are based on the premise that it is possible to apply the same methods and evidence base to assess the viability of implementation of the EED provisions for any building in Europe, including in Northwest countries. The presentations and discussion at the workshop intended to inform the finalisation of guidelines, ensuring these properly reflect circumstances specific to Northwest EU countries. The first day aimed at collecting a range of issues which may require further consideration in EU policy and the EED guidelines. The second day, in a smaller group, generated specific proposals for changes which could help the guidelines better reflect the issues raised.

The current version of the guidelines is available for download from the web site of the European Commission.

Registration and Venue

Registration has been closed.


The workshop was organised by empirica Communication and Technology Research, Bonn, within the framework of a contract with the Directorate-General for Energy of the European Commission: "Study - ENER/C3/2013-977:Analysis of good practices and development of guidelines for accurate and fair allocation of costs for individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings to support the implementation of relevant provisions of the Articles 9-11 of the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency".


 Wednesday, 12th October 2016, 8.30 - 17.00hrs, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Moderator: Niels Ladefoged, DG ENERGY, European Commission

09:00 - 09:15


09:15 - 10:00


Overview of EED provisions, expected impact and EU guidelines

  • Niels Ladefoged – European Commission
  • Simon Robinson – empirica
  • Eriona Dashja – empirica

10:00 - 10:30


The Contribution of Sub-Metering to Europe’s Energy Objectives

  • Udo Wasser, Managing Director, The Association for Energy Cost Allocation, Germany

10:30 -11:00

Coffee Break

11:00 -12:00

Experiences from individual metering in the Northwest countries


Experiences in Netherlands

  • Remco Hoogeveen – ConsuManagement, Netherlands

Experiences in Belgium

  • Dr. Jan Verheyen - Zonnige Kempen, Belgium

Experiences in United Kingdom

  • Paul Isbell – Consultant, United Kingdom

12:00 – 13:00

Sub-metering technology road show

13:00 – 13:30

Plenary / Panel discussion

13:30 – 14:30

Lunch Break

14:30 – 15:00

Implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU in Netherlands

  • Jos Karssemeijer– Energy Ministry, Netherlands

15:00 – 15:30


Implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU in the United Kingdom

  • Chris Smith – Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Enforcement Lead (Heat), United Kingdom

15:30 – 15:45


Implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU in Belgium

  • François Dequenne – ista Belgium, Belgium

15:45 – 16:00


Implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU in Ireland

  • Ben Baack – techem Ireland

16:00 – 16:30


Plenary / Panel discussion

16:30 – 17:00


Issues raised for EU guidelines

  • European Commission/empirica